C # WebBrowser Control – Formulário de envio não funciona usando InvokeMember (“Click”)

Eu estou trabalhando no script de teste automatizado e estou usando o controle WebBrowser. Estou tentando enviar o seguinte HTML e teste quando o usuário aceita os termos de serviço:

     // Terms of Use Information      

Aqui está o código em C #, mas não envia o formulário.

  HtmlElementCollection el = webBrowser.Document.GetElementsByTagName("button"); foreach (HtmlElement btn in el) { if (btn.InnerText == "ACCEPT the terms of use") { btn.InvokeMember("Click"); } } 

Qualquer ajuda seria muito apreciada. Obrigado.

O código a seguir funciona para mim, usando o URL de ação do formulário ativo dos comentários da pergunta, testado com o IE10. Experimente como está. Se funcionar também, sinta-se à vontade para usá-lo como um modelo para suas tarefas de automação da web. Um par de pontos:

  • FEATURE_BROWSER_EMULATION é usado para garantir que o WebBrowser se comporte da mesma forma que o navegador independente do IE (ou o mais próximo possível). Esta é uma obrigação para quase qualquer projeto baseado em WebBrowser . Eu acredito que é isso que deve ajudar a resolver o problema original do seu lado.

  • O código asynchronous é usado para melhorar a confiabilidade da lógica de automação, adicionar timeouts e cancelamento de suporte e promover o stream de código linear natural (usando async/await ).

C # :

 using Microsoft.Win32; using System; using System.Diagnostics; using System.Linq; using System.Threading; using System.Threading.Tasks; using System.Windows.Forms; namespace WebAutomation { // http://stackoverflow.com/q/19044659/1768303 public partial class MainForm : Form { WebBrowser webBrowser; // non-deterministic delay to let AJAX code run const int AJAX_DELAY = 1000; // keep track of the main automation task CancellationTokenSource mainCts; Task mainTask = null; public MainForm() { SetBrowserFeatureControl(); // set FEATURE_BROWSER_EMULATION first InitializeComponent(); InitBrowser(); this.Load += (s, e) => { // start the automation when form is loaded // timeout the whole automation task in 30s mainCts = new CancellationTokenSource(30000); mainTask = DoAutomationAsync(mainCts.Token).ContinueWith((completedTask) => { Trace.WriteLine(String.Format("Automation task status: {0}", completedTask.Status.ToString())); }, TaskScheduler.FromCurrentSynchronizationContext()); }; this.FormClosing += (s, e) => { // cancel the automation if form closes if (this.mainTask != null && !this.mainTask.IsCompleted) mainCts.Cancel(); }; } // create a WebBrowser instance (could use an existing one) void InitBrowser() { this.webBrowser = new WebBrowser(); this.webBrowser.Dock = DockStyle.Fill; this.Controls.Add(this.webBrowser); this.webBrowser.Visible = true; } // the main automation logic async Task DoAutomationAsync(CancellationToken ct) { await NavigateAsync(ct, () => this.webBrowser.Navigate("http://localhost:81/test.html"), 10000); // timeout in 10s // page loaded, log the page's HTML Trace.WriteLine(GetBrowserDocumentHtml()); // do the DOM automation HtmlElementCollection all = webBrowser.Document.GetElementsByTagName("button"); // throw if none or more than one element found HtmlElement btn = all.Cast().Single( el => el.InnerHtml == "ACCEPT the terms of use"); ct.ThrowIfCancellationRequested(); // simulate a click which causes navigation await NavigateAsync(ct, () => btn.InvokeMember("click"), 10000); // timeout in 10s // form submitted and new page loaded, log the page's HTML Trace.WriteLine(GetBrowserDocumentHtml()); // could continue with another NavigateAsync // othrwise, the automation session completed } // Get the full HTML content of the document string GetBrowserDocumentHtml() { return this.webBrowser.Document.GetElementsByTagName("html")[0].OuterHtml; } // Async navigation async Task NavigateAsync(CancellationToken ct, Action startNavigation, int timeout = Timeout.Infinite) { var onloadTcs = new TaskCompletionSource(); EventHandler onloadEventHandler = null; WebBrowserDocumentCompletedEventHandler documentCompletedHandler = delegate { // DocumentCompleted may be called several time for the same page, // beacuse of frames if (onloadEventHandler != null || onloadTcs == null || onloadTcs.Task.IsCompleted) return; // handle DOM onload event to make sure the document is fully loaded onloadEventHandler = (s, e) => onloadTcs.TrySetResult(true); this.webBrowser.Document.Window.AttachEventHandler("onload", onloadEventHandler); }; using (var cts = CancellationTokenSource.CreateLinkedTokenSource(ct)) { if (timeout != Timeout.Infinite) cts.CancelAfter(Timeout.Infinite); using (cts.Token.Register(() => onloadTcs.TrySetCanceled(), useSynchronizationContext: true)) { this.webBrowser.DocumentCompleted += documentCompletedHandler; try { startNavigation(); // wait for DOM onload, throw if cancelled await onloadTcs.Task; ct.ThrowIfCancellationRequested(); // let AJAX code run, throw if cancelled await Task.Delay(AJAX_DELAY, ct); } finally { this.webBrowser.DocumentCompleted -= documentCompletedHandler; if (onloadEventHandler != null) this.webBrowser.Document.Window.DetachEventHandler("onload", onloadEventHandler); } } } } // Browser feature conntrol void SetBrowserFeatureControl() { // http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee330720(v=vs.85).aspx // FeatureControl settings are per-process var fileName = System.IO.Path.GetFileName(Process.GetCurrentProcess().MainModule.FileName); // make the control is not running inside Visual Studio Designer if (String.Compare(fileName, "devenv.exe", true) == 0 || String.Compare(fileName, "XDesProc.exe", true) == 0) return; SetBrowserFeatureControlKey("FEATURE_BROWSER_EMULATION", fileName, GetBrowserEmulationMode()); // Webpages containing standards-based !DOCTYPE directives are displayed in IE10 Standards mode. } void SetBrowserFeatureControlKey(string feature, string appName, uint value) { using (var key = Registry.CurrentUser.CreateSubKey( String.Concat(@"Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main\FeatureControl\", feature), RegistryKeyPermissionCheck.ReadWriteSubTree)) { key.SetValue(appName, (UInt32)value, RegistryValueKind.DWord); } } UInt32 GetBrowserEmulationMode() { int browserVersion = 7; using (var ieKey = Registry.LocalMachine.OpenSubKey(@"SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet Explorer", RegistryKeyPermissionCheck.ReadSubTree, System.Security.AccessControl.RegistryRights.QueryValues)) { var version = ieKey.GetValue("svcVersion"); if (null == version) { version = ieKey.GetValue("Version"); if (null == version) throw new ApplicationException("Microsoft Internet Explorer is required!"); } int.TryParse(version.ToString().Split('.')[0], out browserVersion); } UInt32 mode = 10000; // Internet Explorer 10. Webpages containing standards-based !DOCTYPE directives are displayed in IE10 Standards mode. Default value for Internet Explorer 10. switch (browserVersion) { case 7: mode = 7000; // Webpages containing standards-based !DOCTYPE directives are displayed in IE7 Standards mode. Default value for applications hosting the WebBrowser Control. break; case 8: mode = 8000; // Webpages containing standards-based !DOCTYPE directives are displayed in IE8 mode. Default value for Internet Explorer 8 break; case 9: mode = 9000; // Internet Explorer 9. Webpages containing standards-based !DOCTYPE directives are displayed in IE9 mode. Default value for Internet Explorer 9. break; default: // use IE10 mode by default break; } return mode; } } } 

O conteúdo de http://localhost:81/test.html :

      
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